EU Vows to Act if Energy Lines Hit 09/28 06:11
BRUSSELS (AP) -- The European Union suspects that damage to two underwater
natural gas pipelines was sabotage and is warning of retaliation for any attack
on Europe's energy networks, a senior official said Wednesday, as energy
companies began ramping up security.
The episode underscored the vulnerability of Europe's energy infrastructure
and further heightened tensions in the continent that has been rocked by t he
seven-month war in Ukraine.
Seismologists reported that explosions rattled the Baltic Sea before unusual
leaks were discovered Tuesday on two underwater natural gas pipelines running
from Russia to Germany. The incidents came as the EU struggles to keep a lid on
soaring gas and electricity prices.
"All available information indicates those leaks are the result of a
deliberate act," EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell said in a statement on
behalf of the bloc's 27 members. "Any deliberate disruption of European energy
infrastructure is utterly unacceptable and will be met with a robust and united
Some European leaders and experts pointed to possible sabotage given the
energy standoff with Russia provoked by the war in Ukraine. The three leaks
were reported on the Nord Stream 1 and 2 pipelines, which are filled with
natural gas but aren't delivering the fuel to Europe.
The pipelines allow gas to be piped to Germany without transiting through
Ukraine or Poland. The damage means that they are unlikely to be able to carry
any gas to Europe this winter even if the political will to bring them online
emerged, according to analysts.
The extent of the damage to the pipelines, along with the political
ramifications, raises serious doubts about the future of the Nord Stream
projects. Germany was heavily criticized for the project by the U.S. and many
of its European partners, which said that it only increased Europe's reliance
on Russian gas imports.
While it remains unknown who might be responsible for the damage, given its
undersea location, Polish Foreign Minister Zbigniew Rau said Tuesday that the
leaks could be part of Russia's hybrid war on NATO.
"The explosions took place very close to Danish territorial waters, but not
inside them, because that would have meant NATO territory," Rau said during a
discussion at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington.
"This could mean that someone is trying to intimidate the countries of the
Baltic Sea. With the exception of Russia, all these countries are NATO members
or are aspiring to membership," he said.
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said allegations that Russia could be behind
the incidents were "predictable and stupid." He told reporters in a conference
call that the damage has caused Russia huge economic losses.
Even with eyes turning toward Russia, Anders Puck Nielsen, a researcher with
the Center for Maritime Operations at the Royal Danish Defence College, said
that it would be hard to establish who is responsible and just as tough to
prevent similar incidents.
"We have pipelines, we have communication cables like the internet. We have
just power lines running on the seabed. All of this is vulnerable and our
societies are very dependent on it. And it's very, very difficult to monitor
what's going on and to prevent a case of sabotage," he told The Associated
German Defense Minister Christine Lambrecht said "the circumstances
surrounding this disturbing event must now be quickly clarified and those
responsible identified." Borrell said the EU will support any investigation
into the damage, and will "increase our resilience in energy security."
Energy companies and governments are already reacting. The Norwegian state
oil company, Equinor, said it has decided to raise the level of preparedness in
Norway, according to Norwegian broadcaster NRK. The alert was raised overnight
and applies to all of Equinor's facilities.
Norway isn't a member of the EU, but is major producer of offshore oil and
gas. Its energy exports have surged as European countries scramble to find
alternatives to Russian energy supplies.
The Norwegian government decided on Tuesday to boost security around its
energy infrastructure, land facilities and installations on the Norwegian
continental shelf after reports of an increase in unidentified drone flights.
The leaks in the gas pipelines were spotted off the Danish Baltic Sea island
of Bornholm. Danish Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen has said that "it is the
authorities' clear assessment that these are deliberate actions -- not
But she said "there is no information indicating who could be behind it."
Frederiksen rejected the suggestion that the incident was an attack on Denmark,
saying the leaks occurred in international waters.
Denmark's defense minister, Morten Bodskov, met Wednesday with NATO
Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg to discuss the incidents. The Danish defense
ministry said it also believes "that the violations occurred as a result of a
Bodskov warned in a statement that "there is reason to be concerned about
the security situation in the Baltic Sea region. Despite the war efforts in
Ukraine, Russia has a significant military presence in the Baltic Sea region
and we expect them to continue their saber rattling."